Three-dimensional parallel vortex rings in Bose-Einstein condensates
L.C. Crasovan, V.M. Pérez-García, I. Danaila, D. Mihalache, L. Torner
Physical Review A, 70, 033605 (2004).
MOLAB authors
We construct three-dimensional structures of topological defects hosted in trapped wave fields, in the form of vortex stars, vortex cages, parallel vortex lines, perpendicular vortex rings, and parallel vortex rings, and we show that the latter exist as robust stationary, collective states of nonrotating Bose-Einstein condensates. We discuss the stability properties of excited states containing several parallel vortex rings hosted by the condensate, including their dynamical and structural stability.