Immunity and immunotherapies
The immune system is the complex set of biological defenses fighting infections and other diseases. Many aspects of the immune system are not yet completely understood and mathematical models may shed light on how the different subsystems interact and develop specific immune responses. Also, immunotherapies, i.e. therapies intended to enhance the response of the immune system against cancer cells, have attracted a lot of attention recently because of their promising potential of ‘helping the body defend itself against cancer’. Mathematical models may help in understanding the details of the actions of immunotherapies, in developing image-based biomarkers of response to immunotherapy treatments, and in designing more effective therapeutic approaches.